After America Senate Visit In Taiwan China Military Starts Drill
When Russia started the war against Ukraine in early 2022,...
When Russia started the war against Ukraine in early 2022, America and all the Western countries and their organization NATO made big claims. But what was the result? Ukraine has been facing Russian attacks on its own for the past 5 months. The situation is such that all the other countries of the world are hesitant to give arms and other help.
Tensions between China and Taiwan have reached a peak after US Senate Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s recent visit to Taiwan. The armies of both the countries are in a situation like threatening to see each other. However, the US says that it will not hesitate to provide military aid to Taiwan in the event of war.
What is the reason for the dispute between China and Taiwan
First let us understand the geographical location of both the countries. Taiwan is about 160 km from the coast of southeast China. Far away is an island, opposite the Chinese cities of Fuzhou, Quanzhou and Xiamen. The island was once ruled by the imperial dynasty of China. But in 1895 it was given to Japan. When Japan was defeated in the Second World War, this island again came under the control of China.
But after this civil war started in China and Communist leader Mao Zedong defeated Nationalist Kuomintang Party leader Chiang Kai-shek. After the defeat, this leader fled to Taiwan. But he did not sit silent here. Chiang Kai-shek established the government of the Republic of China on the island of Taiwan and became the president. He remained in this chair till 1975. It was a kind of division of China and Taiwan. But China never recognized it.
But the government of the Republic of China (ROC) was transferred to Taiwan and on the other hand the Communist Party of China established the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in China. China still views the Republic of China government as a rebel and always threatens to merge it with itself.
America’s policy and hypocrisy
Although America talks about the ‘One China’ policy. But he decides on it for his own benefit. One China policy means that any country has to have relations with China’s PRC and will have to consider Taiwan as part of China. But the US has maintained a separate diplomatic relationship with Taiwan even after talking about the principle of ‘One China’ and has been providing military aid to it, including intelligence.
What is China afraid of?
In fact, the strength of the US Army is increasing day by day in the Pacific Ocean which separates America and Asia. This is a matter of concern for China. In the last few years, Indian navies of America and Australia have practiced on it. China does not tolerate any interference in this area.
The island of Taiwan lies between Japan and the China Sea in this maritime zone. China feels that the interference of any other country here can prove to be a threat to it. On the other hand, Chinese ships deliver goods to Europe through this China Sea.
Although initially China’s attempt was to control Taiwan peacefully, but the sense of self-identity and nationalism among the people of Taiwan has also increased and rhetoric between the two countries has also increased during the reign of the current President of China, Xi Jinping.
In such a situation, the matter of finding a peaceful solution has gone out of China’s hands. At the same time, in the last few years, fighter planes of the Chinese Air Force have also tried to enter the air defense area of Taiwan. Which has also increased the tension. However, it should also be understood here that Taiwan’s army is as weak as the Yuken.
India and Taiwan relations
India also follows the principle of one China policy and does not have formal diplomatic relations, but India has definitely opened an office in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. In the year 2020, India has deployed Gauranglal Das as a diplomat in Taiwan by the Modi government. Similarly, Taipei is also an economic and cultural center in New Delhi. Before the Galwan conflict, India-Taiwan relations were based on trade, commerce, culture and education. But since then the relations between the two countries have changed a lot. Two BJP MPs, who were in power in the country, attended the swearing-in ceremony of the President of Taiwan through virtual mode. China had also reacted to this.
But how much trust in America
America has always been doing the interpretation and implementation of relations between other countries according to its advantage. But recently President Joe Biden has made statements many times that he will not hesitate to give US military help in case of any attack on Taiwan. Such statements coming from America have also had many meanings. In the recent Russo-Ukraine war, America has suffered a lot. He threatened, showed his eyes and even pleaded to an extent, but Russia did not listen to him.
America also put a lot of pressure on India, but External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar also refused to change any stance regarding Russia. Now America must have felt that it is being threatened. Now the visit of the US Senate in Taiwan can be an attempt to send a message to the countries of the world that America will not hesitate to take any step if given the opportunity. But how much Taiwan should believe in this, even when America itself is struggling on the economic front.
But China should not be under any misunderstanding
The whole world saw what a weak country of the world’s most powerful army has done to Ukraine. This happened when no one in the whole world helped Ukraine. Initially it was being considered as a one-sided fight. Russian President Putin was also under the same misunderstanding. The claim of surrendering Ukraine in 72 days proved to be just a dream for Putin. Talking about Taiwan, it has been preparing against China for many years. Its soldiers specialize in gorilla warfare and have driven out Chinese fighter planes many times. Even in military equipment, Taiwan has many types of American weapons. Taiwan has far more capacity than Ukraine to prolong the war. And this situation is not good for any big country economically and strategically.
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